The Metropolises and the Prosperities within — Tokyo and Beijing in the 18th Century
August 14, 2018- October 7, 2018 Time: 9:00—17:00 (closed on Mondays) Venue: Room A, B1


Section Two


Urban life in Beijing and Edo


Being consumption-oriented, both Beijing and Edo were bringing an influx of wealth, goods and talented people into the cities from every corner of the countries. It is not difficult for us to imagine the hustle and bustle of Beijing and Edo from the vivid depictions in the paintings of "Wan Shou Sheng Dian" (Scenes of Emperor Kangxi's 60th Birthday Celebrations) and "Kidai Shōran" (Excellent Views of Our Prosperous Age) respectively. Various of trades and professions emerged in both cities to accommodate the exuberantly growing demands of people's needs.


As the result of the progressive development in trades and commerce in Edo by the 18th century, a liberal and open-minded way of thinking played an essential role in the formation of a distinctive, yet unique culture in Japanese society. For example, people in Edo were keen on festivities and ceremonies of worshiping, therefore some events were specifically created to incorporate popular traditional local customs. Moreover, cultural salons embraced people from all social backgrounds to join in. No matter to what social stratification they belonged, noble or not, samurai or civilians, all were welcomed. These cultural salons were powerhouses in recreating, promoting and developing literature, arts and learning, etc.


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