Silesia Rediviva: The Baroque period in Silesia -- Collection of Art and Handicrafts from the National Museum in Wrocław, Poland
December 18, 2018 - March 24, 2019 Time: 9:00—17:00 (closed on Mondays) Venue: Room A, B1
——Exhibition Overview——


I.Restructuring the Elite


Frequent changes of governments in Silesia over the centuries prompted the structural change of the elite members who had different family roots and backgrounds. The 17th century was a critical period of time during which the old and the new aristocrats, the religious and the secular institutions, as well as the newly emerged burgher class were all competing for powers and recognition in Silesia.


The Piasts played the role of the actual governors of Silesia since the 10th century when the area was incorporated into the Kingdom of Poland. The family was still in power even after Silesia became a part of the Bohemian Crown and the Holy Roman Empire with many of the Piast dukes' privileges and rights remained. However, the emperors of the Holy Roman Empire gradually increased the administrative control over Silesia during and after the Thirty Years War (1618-1648). Imperial officials dispatched directly from the court, such as the treasurers, were holding the executive power in implementing policies on behalf of the emperors. They were one of the few influential people in the region. Other notable powerful members of the elite were the Protestant nobility, most of whom came from German speaking areas. As early as during the Fragmentation of Poland (roughly from the 12th to the 14th century), the immigration of German-speaking people had already started in Silesia. In the 16th century, the Protestant community in Silesia expanded as the Reformation continued. More and more Protestant German nobles came to this region for settlement. Alongside the full-fledged prestigious Cistercian Abbey, the clergy in the Catholic Church became eminent within the elite group. After the Thirty Years War, Jesuit sent by the Holy See to various places also gained importance among the elite. Noticeably, struggling to improve their social status under the absolutist rules, the newly risen burgher class however became politically influential through the wealth generated and accumulated from the works they had been undertaking in Silesia's city construction and the economic development process. Objects displayed in this section reflect the elite from this particular period of time.


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——Exhibition Objects——
Baroque 30
Baroque 29
Baroque 28
Baroque 27
Baroque 26
Baroque 18
Baroque 17
Baroque 16
Baroque 15
Baroque 14
Baroque 4
Baroque 3
Baroque 2
Baroque 1
Baroque 5
Baroque 24
Baroque 23
Baroque 22
Baroque 21
Baroque 32
Baroque 7
Baroque 31
Baroque 6
Baroque 20
Baroque 19
Baroque 33
Baroque 8
Baroque 10
Baroque 13
Baroque 12
Baroque 11
Baroque 9
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