Qinghai in the Belt and Road
February 28,2019 - June 30,2019 Time: 9:00 - 17:00 (closed on Mondays) Venue: Hall B, F1, Capital Museum
——Exhibition Overview——

Foreword


The clouds of Qinghai roam far and wide to the eastern land; the valley of the Hehuang is unparalleled in the western border region.


In the Qin and Han dynasties, the Qiang people, Bronze Age rulers of Qinghai, were involved in the war between the dynasty ruling the central plain and the Huns. As a result, central plain dynasty forces first entered the Hehuang region. In the subsequent turbulent times involving the Wei and Jin dynasties, the war raging in central China spread west to Qinghai. The Tuyuhun clan of the Xianbei people from Liaodong finally established their kingdom in the former homeland of the Qiang people. However, after ruling for over three hundred years, this kingdom stretching thousands of miles was gradually crushed by invading troops of the Sui and Tang dynasties from one direction and the Tibetan Empire from the other. Eventually, Qinghai became the frontier of the war between the Tang Dynasty and the Tibetan Empire. After the Anshi Rebellion, Qinghai was occupied by the latter for hundreds of years. In the early 11th century, the remnants of the old Tibetan Empire founded the Qingtang Regime, which was then overturned by the Northern Song Dynasty. Subsequently, the regimes of the Jin and Western Xia and the unified dynasties of the Yuan, Ming and Qing steadily strengthened their governance and rule in Qinghai. 


These political and military conflicts and confrontations covering thousands of years on the one hand show Qinghai as a military base of unparalled significance due to its favorable geographical position. Though situated far away on the remote western frontier, Qinghai was always closely related to the changes in the situation of the hinterland. On the other hand, through the ages, multiple ethnic groups migrated there and merged with each other, while traffic routes connecting the surrounding areas and to places beyond the western border of China were continually established, forming an important part of the Silk Road network, the Tang-Tibet Ancient Road and the Ancient Tea Horse Road.


The beauty of Qinghai can be traced through its mountains, rivers and ancient roads.

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