Qinghai in the Belt and Road
February 28,2019 - June 30,2019 Time: 9:00 - 17:00 (closed on Mondays) Venue: Hall B, F1, Capital Museum
——Exhibition Overview——

III. Tuyuhun Kingdom


Tuyuhun was primarily the name of the eldest son of Murong Shegui, the Chanyu of the Murong people of the Xianbei Clan in Liaodong. Due to disputes with his brothers, Tuyuhun led his clan to move to the eastern part of Qinghai, and became powerful after the invasion of Diqiang. His grandson, Yeyan, used his name as the nomenclature of the clan and title of the regime. At the time, China was in the state of secession and separated regimes. Those governing Qinghai or engaged in the fighting for control included the Former Liang, the Former Qin, the Later Liang, the Southern Liang, the Western Qin and the Northern Liang. After Sui Emperor Yang led the expedition to defeat Tuyuhun, the regime gradually declined. In the early Tang Dynasty, as Tuyuhun frequently harassed the northwest frontier region, Emperor Taizong sent the great general Li Jing to defeat it and take control of its territory. Meanwhile, the regime in Tibet gradually expanded to Gansu-Qinghai region, and overthrew Tuyuhun in 663. The last king of Tuyuhun Nuohebo led the remnants to flee to Liangzhou.


"Tuyuhun Road" ("Henan Road") thrived after Hexi Road was blocked, and became part of the route as the only way connecting Central Asia, West Asia, and Central China. From the 4th century to the latter half of the 7th century, the Tuyuhun people were the leading force in the historical progress of Qinghai.

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