Qinghai in the Belt and Road
February 28,2019 - June 30,2019 Time: 9:00 - 17:00 (closed on Mondays) Venue: Hall B, F1, Capital Museum
——Exhibition Overview——

V. Qinghai after the Eleventh Century


In 842, with the killing of Zanpu Dama of the Tibetan Empire, the Hehuang region of Qinghai fell into a state of scattered tribal secession. In 1032, Gusiluo chose Qingtang City (now Xining City) as his capital, and established a local regime with Tibetan forces as the main body. In the third year of the Chongning Period (1104), the Song Dynasty army occupied the Hehuang region, and turned Shanzhou into Xining Prefecture, marking the beginning of the history of"Xining". After the annihilation of the Northern Song Dynasty, the empires of Jin and Western Xia occupied the eastern part of Qinghai and the area south of the Yellow River for about a century. In 1227, the eastern part of Qinghai was incorporated into the territory of the Mongolian khanate. In 1370, the Ming army took control of the eastern part of Qinghai, and Xining Prefecture was transformed into Xining Wei in the sixth year of the Hongwu Period (1373). In the early Qing Dynasty, the Hehuang region was controlled by Gushi Khan, head of Khoshut Khanate of Mongolia. In the early years of Emperor Yongzheng's reign, after the rebellion of Lob Tsangdanjin was settled, the Qing government finally realized formal rule over the Qinghai Hehuang region.


Since the Yuan Dynasty, the Hehuang region of Qinghai has shown a pattern of multi-ethnic settlement and the coexistence and development of a variety of religions. During the period, the tea-horse trade thrived, and the Ancient Tea Horse Road became an important channel connecting trade between Central China and Tibet.

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