Works of Famous Painters in Early Modern and Modern Times
Permanent Exhibition Venue: Room H, F2
——Exhibition Overview——

Preface


Chinese painting art has a history of thousands of years, its spirit and charm possessing unique powers.


Chinese painting art dates from prehistoric times. It was well developed in the period of the Wei (220-265), Jin (265-420), Sui (581-618) and Tang (618-907) dynasties and thrive even more in the period of the Song (960-1279), Yuan (1271-1368), Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties. During the period of the late Qing Dynasty and the following Republic of China (1912-1949), painting entered a new historical stage. The cultural environment, creative objects, varieties and forms, styles and features, all underwent profound change. An inclusive and diversified era was thus created.


Landscape Painting


Chinese people have revered mountains and rivers since ancient times. Chinese landscape painting strives to express this artistic conception. It developed gradually in the period of the Wei (220-265), Jin (265-420), Northern and Southern Dynasties (420-589) and greatly prospered in the Song Dynasty (960-1279). A New trend in Chinese landscape painting appeared during the period (1271-1368), Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties. It took on yet another new look in modern times.


Bird-and-flower Painting


Bird-and-flower painting takes the wide range of flowers, birds, fruits, fish and insects as creative objects. This genre has certain distinguishing features, with a free and easy creation technique, simple and natural style, and amazing artistic conceptions. It experienced great development from the period of the Six Dynasties (222-589).


Figure Painting


Compared with other genres, Chinese figure painting has the longest history. It was already well developed during the Wei (220-265), Jin (265-420), Northern and Southern Dynasties (420-589). The artist strives to portray the figures vividly. The art emphasizes a display of details, such as eye, hands and body gestures, etc., in order to achieve an effect involving the unity of form and spirit.


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