1420 From Nanjing to Beijing
January 17, 2020 – June 28, 2020 Time: 9:00—17:00 (closed on Mondays) Hall B, F1, Capital Museum
——Exhibition Overview——

Foreword


How many times did imperial vigor in Jinling (present-day Nanjing) wax and wane?


In 1368, Zhu Yuanzhang, known as Emperor Hongwu, proclaimed himself ruler of a new dynasty and established his capital at Jinling. As an ancient saying declared,"All the wealth of the world comes from the Southeast, with Jinling at the center." It boasted many well-off people and abundant resources and had long been strategically significant. However, 30 years later, the tempest did not originate from Bell Mountain, but from the foot of Yan Mountains, thousands of miles to the north of the empire, where Zhu Di, Prince of Yan launched the Jingnan Campaign. Four years later, his army stormed into Jinling and he was proclaimed Emperor.


In 1420, Zhu Di, who had taken the title of Emperor Yongle, issued an edict to make Beijing the new capital and not just a temporary lodging as before, this to take place as soon as the lunar new year began. Why did Emperor Yongle abandon the picturesque riverine south and decide to defend the frontier in the arid north? Did he believe that Jinling was losing its imperial vigor? Did he expect any blessing from the birthplace of a dynasty? Or, was it rather that he was annoyed by the frequent Mongol border incursions?


Relocation from Nanjing to Beijing was carried out in 1420, from the Bell Mountain to the Yan Mountains. By taking you back to that time, this exhibition will fully present the stories behind the establishment of the capital and its relocation.

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——Exhibition Objects——
1420 From Nanjing to Beijing 8
1420 From Nanjing to Beijing 6
1420 From Nanjing to Beijing 1
1420 From Nanjing to Beijing 12
1420 From Nanjing to Beijing 11
1420 From Nanjing to Beijing 10
1420 From Nanjing to Beijing 9
1420 From Nanjing to Beijing 7
1420 From Nanjing to Beijing 5
1420 From Nanjing to Beijing 4
1420 From Nanjing to Beijing 3
1420 From Nanjing to Beijing 2
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——Exhibition Galleries——
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