1420 From Nanjing to Beijing
January 17, 2020 – June 28, 2020 Time: 9:00—17:00 (closed on Mondays) Hall B, F1, Capital Museum
——Exhibition Overview——

Part II. Relocation of the Capital to Beijing


In August 1368, first year of Emperor Hongwu's reign, The Ming army occupied Dadu (Khanbaliq, present-day Beijing) and renamed Daxing Prefecture as Beiping Prefecture. Two years later, Zhu Di was enfeoffed as Prince of Yan, with the capital of his princedom established at Beiping. After Emperor Hongwu died, Emperor Jianwen succeeded his grandfather and started to take back territory and power from his uncles. Consequently, Zhu Di launched the Jingnan Campaign and seized the throne. After months of confidential discussion with his ministers, Zhu Di decided to relocate the capital to Yan. In October 1420, the 18th year of Emperor Yongle's reign, the imperial palaces in Beijing were completed, and the Emperor issued an instruction to construct the capital city of Beijing. On the first day of the lunar New Year of 1421, he showed up in the Fengtian Palace to receive respects for his reign. Governmental offices in Beijing therefore canceled the words"行在 (temporary lodging for an emperor on tour)," while governmental offices in Yingtian (Nanjing) added the words"南京 (Nanjing)" before their names. Beijing became the capital and Nanjing the secondary capital. As a result, Beijing once again became the center of power of a unified dynasty since the Yuan Dynasty.

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——Exhibition Objects——
1420 From Nanjing to Beijing 8
1420 From Nanjing to Beijing 6
1420 From Nanjing to Beijing 1
1420 From Nanjing to Beijing 12
1420 From Nanjing to Beijing 11
1420 From Nanjing to Beijing 10
1420 From Nanjing to Beijing 9
1420 From Nanjing to Beijing 7
1420 From Nanjing to Beijing 5
1420 From Nanjing to Beijing 4
1420 From Nanjing to Beijing 3
1420 From Nanjing to Beijing 2
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