Lecture on Exploring the Central Axis of Beijing

September 12 18:00-19:30 B1, Multifunction Room, Capital Museum 120 people

Lectures on Reading the City Exhibition Series 

Season I: Exploring the Central Axis of Beijing

Praised as the spirit of Beijing, the Central Axis of Beijing is the best embodiment of traditional Chinese culture and represents the most impressive achievement in planning and construction by ancient Chinese civilization. Capital Museum's"Reading the City–Exploring the Central Axis of Beijing" exhibition has appealed to a large audience. If you have not seen this exhibition, or if you have seen it but still have some questions about the Central Axis of Beijing, now is the time to find the answers. 

Reading the City Exhibition Room

On the evening of September 12, 2020, the"Reading the City" lectures will unfold at Capital Museum. Many distinguished experts have been invited and they will offer explanations about the Central Axis from various perspectives, including its history, the application for the World Heritage listing, significant cultural heritages, temples, buildings and etc. Most importantly, you will have the chance to exchange your thoughts with those experts face to face. This series of lectures includes three seasons. The first is entitled"Exploring the Central Axis of Beijing." Season II and III will respectively be about"Exploring Beijing's City Walls and Moats in History" and"Discovering the Charm of Beijing's Quadrangles".


Lecture I The Central Axis of Beijing: Historical Connotations, Traditions and Cultural Essence

Lecturer: Liu Qingzhu

Liu Qingzhu is a member of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS), director of the CASS Research Center of Ancient Civilizations Expert Committee, member of the Experts Advisory Committee of National Philosophy and Social Sciences Research, member of the German Archaeological Institute of Communication Sciences, and permanent member of the Asian Association of World Historians. He owns the title"National Outstanding Specialist" and enjoys a Special Allowance of the Government paid by the State Council. He is the former director of the Institute of History and director of the Institute of Archeology, CCASS.

His fieldwork includes the surveying, excavation and research of the Xianyang site – capital city of the Qin Dynasty; the eleven mausoleums of the Western Han Dynasty; the eighteen mausoleums of the emperors of the Tang Dynasty; the Liyang site, an important city of the Qin and Han dynasties; the Duling site, the mausoleum of the Emperor Xuan of the Western Han Dynasty; the Chang'an site, capital city of the Han Dynasty; and the Epang Palace site of the Qin Dynasty. He participated in the review and appraisal of the application for the World Heritage listing of the"Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang'an-Tianshan Corridor" and the"China Grand Canal." 

His research interests include the archeology of ancient capital cities in China, the archeology of royal mausoleums and the archeology of the Han and Tang dynasties.

He has published more than 300 papers and more than 20 monographs (including four archaeological reports). His most renowned monographs include Weiyang Palace in the Chang'an City of the Han Dynasty, Mausoleum Yard of the Duling Mausoleum of the Western Han Dynasty, Archeology of China: Qin and Han Dynasties and Shu Roads. He has won the Outstanding Scientific Research Award, the CASS Third Xia Nai Archaeological Research Award, the Guo Moruo Chinese History Award and the Chinese Government Publication Award.

About the Lecture

The Central Axis of Beijing served as the"root" and"spirit" of the ancient city, once the capital of Jin (Zhongdu), Yuan (Dadu), Ming (Beijing) and Qing (Beijing) dynasties. In ancient times, the capital functioned as the center for political management, cultural and ritual activities, economic management and military command. It"represented the nation's politics and culture" (Wang Guowei: Institutions of the Yin and Zhou Dynasties).

The first central axes of capitals in the history of China were formed more than 2,000 years ago, when the Qin and Han empires founded ancient China as a unified and multi-ethnic nation, and was eventually completed at the Luoyang City of the Northern Wei Dynasty. The concept was thereafter carried on to Beijing of the Ming and Qing dynasties. Central axes of capitals in the history of China reflect the political characteristic of ancient China.


Registration Date: September 12 18:00-19:30