Exploring Beijing’s City Walls and Moats in History
Date: October 28th, 2015 – February 28th, 2016
Time: 9:00 – 17:00 (close on Mondays)
Venue: Hall O, B1
Exploring Beijing’s City Walls and Moats in History


The city wall and moat not only played an important role in the ancient times, but also became a part of cultural tradition in Chinese society. We need to know about the city wall and moat first in order to learn further about the history of the city. The location at where the city was built tells us how harmonious had ever been between people and nature. The changes of the city wall and moat indicate the historical evolution of a city. The overall appearance and layout of a city come from the idea for design which reflects the strict rules of its construction. We could see a continuous development of a city from its walls and moats, and also the high-level techniques and skills used for building it. An efficient and functional planning for the construction of city wall and moat could make a wonderful city life in an orderly manner. We could get some clues from the city wall and moat to understand the glorious development of Beijing in the past and its splendid history. By looking down from above, the Beijing city just like a lovely necklace set on the earth. This dreamy aerial view let your imagination run wild. 

I. City Wall and Moat in Ancient China

What would come into your mind when city wall and moat is mentioned, the high city walls or fierce wars? This exhibition would show you the origin, function and symbolization of city wall and moat.


 A corner of Beijing city in 1860   Sketch map of the city and moat
 Restored map of the barbican of Zhengyangmen Gate   View of Panmen gate in Suzhou
Solid Defense   Map of Beijing city in Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911)