Ancient and modern
   
 
Octagonal Drum

Octagonal Drum, also called Danxian Paiziqu, was a popular form of folk performance art in the Qing Dynasty. It was named after the octagonal drum that the performer used to beat the rhythm. It had been popular among Manchu people since the late reign of Qianlong, who organized amateur performer clubs and sang their own lyrics. Octagonal Drum was performed in five ways: Chaqu, Qunqu, Chaichang Octagonal Drum, Danxian, and Shaungtouren.